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Национальные Герои России - "Russian national heroes" topic - Русские национальные героиOUR FAMOUS PEOPLE
Russia has a lot of successes and achievements. I think it is necessary to speak about some of our famous and outstanding people.
Mikhail Lomonosov (1711-1765)
He was the father of Russian science, the founder of Russian literature. He was an outstanding poet.
M. Lomonosov was a physicist, an artist, an astronomer, a historian and a statesman. He made a telescope. He observed a lot of stars and planets with the help of his telescope. Lomonosov wrote the first scientific grammar of Russian language.
He was the founder of the first Russian university. This university is named after M. Lomonosov and it is situated in Moscow.
Igor Kurchatov( 1902-1960)
He was a famous Russian physicist and a statesman. Kurchatov began very important experimental work in nuclear physics. He headed the work on the use of atomic energy in our country from 1943. He wanted to use his nuclear achievements only for the good of all people in the world.
Andrei Sakharov (1921-1989)
Sakharov is an oustanding person in our country. He was a great scientist. He took an active part in developing the hydrogen bomb. He understood that all atomic and nuclear weapons should be banned. He respected men and fought for human rights in Russia. He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1975.
He was a humanist and fought for justice, peace, human rights. He was a great scientist and a public figure.
Yuri Gagarin (1934-1968)
He was the first cosmonaut in the world. On April 12, 1961, Yuri Gagarin flew into the space and spent 108 minutes there. It was the first time in history that the Russian spaceship "Vostok" with a man on board went up into space. I am sure that Y. Gagarin is a real hero of our country.
Yuri Gagarin, one of the few Russian national heroes
50 years ago, on 12 April 1961, a Vostok capsule having on board Yuri Gagarin took off from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan, the Russian cosmonaut becoming the first man in space.
On April 12, 1961, cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin, became the first man who traveled in space and first to reach the Earth orbit. The flight lasted 108 minutes and Yuri Gagarin safely returned on Earth. This was his only mission in space. On reentry technical problems have arisen which endangered his life, but he managed to parachute himself and safely reached the ground.
He received numerous medals in various countries for his travel in space.
Yuri Gagarin, who died in 1968, is one of the few Russian national heroes whose image didn’t suffer after the collapse of the Soviet Union in late 1991 and remained until today, for the Russians, “the most attractive personality of the Twentieth century”, according to polls.
Still famous in Russia, 50 years after he became the first man in space, Yuri Gagarin was chosen in the '60s by the power in Moscow to embody the “new Soviet man”, mainly due to its modest origins.
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Русский национальный символ "Russian national symbol" topic - Национальный Символ РоссииThe birch tree as the Russian national symbol.
“By reason Russia can’t be grasped,” wrote the famous poet Fyodor Tyutchev (1803–1873). These words still hold true to this day. To grasp Russia, one needs to travel through it, meet its wonderful people, experience the diversity of its culture, taste the food, and take in the spirit of this amazing country. Our album and web-site describe only several of the cities and regions that are the most interesting for foreign visitors. There are limitless opportunities for tourism in our country.
Russia is an extremely large country: its total area is over 17 million square kilometers (6.6 million square miles). In the east, on the Chukotka Peninsula, the morning starts nine hours earlier than in Moscow. To cross Russia by train takes over a week and it takes about ten hours by air. The plane crosses almost every kind of climatic zone, including tundra, taiga, steppe, and even desert. Overall, Russia’s natural landscape is amazing and unique in many respects: it is not surprising that Russia has over 25 national parks and 84 nature reserves. Forests occupy over 50 % of the country’s territory.
The birch tree, one of the most beautiful trees to be found here, is considered to be the Russian national symbol. The Volga, Europe’s longest river, flows through Russia. However, many of the rivers in Siberia (the Russian part of Asia), such as Amur, Lena, Ob, and Yenisei, are considerably longer than the Volga. The largest lake in the world, the Caspian, is also in Russia. Its waters are salty and it is commonly referred to as a “sea,” however, it is not connected to the World Oceans. The world’s deepest freshwater lake, the Lake Baikal, and Europe’s highest mountain peak, the Elbrus, are also in Russia.
Every nation has its own special features, and the Russians are no exception: they are notably distinguished people. It is not by accident that the phrase “mysterious Russian soul” is known throughout the world — it implies strong passions and subtle feelings, prowess, dare-devilry, irrationality, and addiction to risk. Russia is a true godsend for adventurers. There is perhaps no other country with such a fantastic variety of quiet corners of pristine nature, an incredible variety of indigenous peoples and their uniquely original cultures and traditions, as well as wild animals that never heard the sound of shooting guns. One may choose from a variety of exquisite adventure, environmental, and other tours, including diving in the White Sea, horseback riding in the Republic of Bashkiria, rafting through the mountainous rivers of Siberia, fishing in the Lake Baikal and the Volga Delta, mountain-skiing in the Caucasus and the Kamchatka Peninsula, tours to the North Pole, the Komandorskiye Islands (near Japan), and the Putorana Plateau in the basin of the Lower Tunguska River (Eastern Siberia), among others.
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The Russian Bear is a national personification for Russia, used in cartoons and articles and dramatic plays at least since the 17th century, and relating alike to Tsarist Russia, the Soviet Union and the Russian Federation.
It often was and is used by Westerners, to begin with especially in Britain and later also in the US, and not always in a flattering context — on occasion used to imply that Russia is "big, brutal and clumsy" (see 19th century cartoon below).
The bear image was, however, on various occasions (especially in the 20th century) also taken up by Russians themselves. Having the teddy bear "Misha" as the mascot of the 1980 Moscow Olympic Games — boycotted by numerous countries due to the invasion of Afghanistan. Russia — was evidently intended to counter the "big and brutal Russian Bear" image with a small, cuddly and smiling bear.
After the collapse of the Soviet Union, there was some support in the Russian Parliament for having a bear as the new Russian coat of arms — with the proposers pointing out that "Russia is anyway identified in the world with the Bear" — though eventually it was the Tsarist coat of arms of the Double-headed eagle that was restored.
Later, the bear was taken up as the symbol of the United Russia Party, which dominates the political life in Russia since the early 2000s. Coincidentally, the surname of Dmitry Medvedev, the Russian president elected in 2008, is the possessive adjective of медведь: i.e. his surname means "a bear's".
In his successful 1984 re-election campaign, Ronald Reagan used the bear motif, in the famous Bear in the woods ad, which claimed that he recognized the existence of a Soviet threat, and that his opponent denied its existence.